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Research

We always need more research so please if you find papers that are not on our list please send us the link or the doc.

Looking at all the studies (we only have the tip of the iceberg here - there is in excess of 200 scientific studies that show a health problem from mobile phone technology) it looks as if they've proven a health risk over and over and over again.

However the argument the authorities and industry constantly chuck out is "...these studies have not been replicated.. they must be replicated before they can be scientifically accepted..." The implication is always that this has been tried and failed.. this is not true. From what we can gather studies are not replicated because they are not repeated (they are not given funding).

If the Government is serious about protecting our health and putting our children before profit then its time they put ourmoney where their mouth is. We guess that if the NEW research programs turn out a health effect they will be rubbished as not replicated. Lets put our taxes into repeating some of these studies so that we can finally get a true picture of the science

Mobile Telecommunications in Kempten West  

Blood levels alarmingly altered


The Citizens Initiative Kempten West , which was established after the installation of the T-Mobile transmitter on the bank building (in Lindauerstraße) is now able to present the first results of the blood tests. Unfortunately, the results confirm the fears of the Initiative.

"Serotonin acts especially as a messenger for the nervous system and in the brain as a mood hormone. A reduction of the serotonin level [as seen] is therefore associated with depression, lethargy and listlessness, inner agitation and many psychiatric disturbances. [N.B. depression, inner agitation and psychiatric disturbances may lead to suicide] "


The initial blood samples were taken in November 2006 before the transmitter commenced operation (Dec. 2006). The second set of blood samples were taken in May 2007, 5 months after the transmitter commenced normal operation.


All 28 participating residents had already removed DECT-Telephones and WLAN from their homes weeks before the first blood sampling took place and also reduced their mobile phone use to a few conversations outside home. Furthermore, 6 families had the electromagnetic exposure in their houses measured by technician  W. Jogschies, of Wildpoldsried, both before and also after the installation of the transmitter mast. The second test results showed a several fold increase in the electromagnetic RF radiation exposure  (the medical team has the measurements).


At the suggestion of Dr. med. M. Kern, the initiator of the `Allgäuer Doctor's Initiative', and of alternative practitioner  E. Strodl, the citizen's initiative decided to investigate the effects of the telecommunications mast on diverse laboratory parameters. At the same time, this series of analyses is part of a German-wide investigation into the effects of mobile telecommunications on humans (Dr. med. Hans-C. Scheiner in Munich (München). The organisation, implementation  and medical supervision of the project Suburb and the first summary of the results were handled by physician Anna Blanz.

 

Summary Evaluation of the Results:

 

Especially alarming is the fact that 84% of participants, almost the whole group, reacted with a massive decrease in the serotonin level (average 46%) following increased exposure from the operation of the newly erected telecommunications mast.

 

The clear increase in depressive mood disturbances, lethargy and listlessness, appetite disturbances, inner agitation and reduced quality of life experienced by nearly all nearby residents must be acknowledged by orthodox medicine 

 

Alarming is also the fairly steep nightly melatonin decrease in the presence of increasing telecommunication signal exposure, which is nearly half of the normal level for more than half of the group (56%). Even the slow increased tendency of nearly one third (28%) represents ultimately, despite a slight increase, only an upturn within a mainly deeply lowered pathological region.

 

We therefore have to expect considerable sleep disturbance and immune deficiencies in 84% (28 plus 56%). Since, from the medical viewpoint, sleep disturbance is increasingly seen as a cancer promoting risk factor, these numbers must be considered as alarming

 

The increase of the daytime melatonin level, that is also normally substantially lower in comparison to the nocturnal melatonin peak, also indicates a displacement of the flattened nocturnal distribution graph in the morning direction. Normally, the level increases about 1-2 hours after going to bed, it reaches a maximum between 2 a.m. and 3 a.m. and then drops off again steeply until the morning hours.

 

The blood sampling took place in the morning between 8 a.m. and 9 a.m. All participants went to bed the night before at the latest by 11 p.m. This increase indicates, in addition to the nocturnal melatonin reduction, also  a displacement of melatonin excretion in the morning direction.
That means:

 

1. Relative melatonin deficiency at night with shortened phases of deep sleep. This is indicated by restless sleep with frequency awakening and
2. Increased melatonin level at the tine of arising from bed. It is symptomatic of this, that one has difficulty getting out of bed in the morning and feels "absolutely exhausted". During the day, consecutive symptoms appear, such as tiredness, irritability, loss of concentration etc. Actually, 16 participants complained about sleep disturbances, 6 complained that they were regularly awakened between 2 a.m. and 4 a.m. and that they then had difficulty getting off to sleep again.

Since the group of participants had no other obvious change in their living conditions, apart from the operation of the mobile telecommunications mast with the measured, appreciably increased radiation exposure, it must be assumed that there is a direct relationship.

 


Conclusion

 

Since the medically conducted tests carried out on residents living in the vicinity of the commissioned operational telecommunications mast proves a drastically increased health risk, immediate action by political and regulatory authorities, at the municipal, provincial- and federal level are demanded.

 

In order to prevent further endangerment of the health of residents, the medical point of view is that the operation of the telecommunications mast must immediately be stopped!


Dr Anna Blanz, 

Dr. med. Markus Kern

Dr. med. Hans-C. Scheiner

 

A discovery made over thirty years ago may hold the key to why weak non ionizing electromagnetic radiation seems to have so many ill effects on health, ranging from exacerbating allergies and autism to reducing fertility and promoting cancer. We now have a plausible scientific explanation for the mechanisms involved.

Andrew Goldsworthy 2008
 

Abstract
 

Alternating electromagnetic fields such as those from mobile telecommunications have many seemingly unrelated effects on health, including the promotion of cancer, reductions in fertility and various brain disorders. This article explains how almost all of them may stem from a common cause; i.e. the removal of divalent ions such as calcium from cell membranes. The mechanisms are as follows. 

The radiation from handsets can affect the whole body because it conducts electricity and behaves like an antenna. It absorbs the radiation and generates eddy currents that can flow beyond the site of application. When they impinge on cell membranes, they weaken them by removing structurally important calcium and other divalent ions. This makes the membranes more likely to leak, which can give many biological effects. 

A theoretical mechanism is described in laypersons language that explains how weak electromagnetic fields remove calcium ions from cell membranes. It explains the seemingly weird observations that this removal is non-thermal and occurs only within specific "amplitude windows". It also explains why low frequencies are more effective than high ones, why pulses are more potent than sine waves and why amplitude modulated and pulsed radio waves also work. 

The mechanism involves the replacement of divalent ions bound to the membrane by monovalent ions (mostly potassium), which weakens it and makes it more inclined to leak. Radiation at 16Hz is particularly effective. It is the ion cyclotron resonance frequency for potassium (in the Earth's magnetic field) and increases its chemical activity, to make it more likely to replace the bound calcium. 

The leakage of digestive enzymes from lysosomes can account for the damage to cellular DNA, which occurs after prolonged exposure to mobile phone radiation. This damage can explain the increased risk of cancer and reductions in fertility found in heavy mobile phone users. 

The recent increases in allergies and allergy-related conditions may also be due to membrane leakage. Our bodies are normally protected from the ingress of foreign materials by "tight junction" barriers where the gaps between the cells are sealed.  They occur in the brain, skin, nose, lungs and gut.  Mobile phone radiation or the chemical removal of calcium makes them more permeable to large molecules and can let in allergens, toxins and carcinogens. Increased permeability of the gut barrier has also been linked to autoimmune conditions such as multiple sclerosis, IBS and type-1 diabetes.  

Electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS) also seems to be due to membrane leakage. The symptoms following irradiation are like those of low calcium or magnesium in the blood, which supports the notion that they are due to divalent ion loss from cell membranes. 

EHS sufferers have high skin conductances and strong tendencies to allergies, suggesting that they already have high membrane permeabilities so that fewer divalent ions need be removed electromagnetically to produce the symptoms. Many of the neurological symptoms of EHS are likely to be due to the radiation increasing still further the permeability of nerve cells to make them generate spurious impulses. 

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can be similarly linked to electromagnetic exposure. The programmed flow of calcium ions through membranes is a prerequisite for the release of the neurotransmitters that transfer signals between neurones in the brain. Unscheduled calcium leakage into these cells will increase their background calcium concentration, making them hypersensitive and more likely to transmit spurious signals. We would expect this to cloud normal mental activity, trigger random thoughts and give the loss of concentration characteristic of ADHD. Drivers using mobile phones and children in classrooms fitted with Wifi may be especially at risk. 

Autism has a similar explanation. A child's understanding of social interactions is laid down as a pattern of regularly-used connections between neurones in its brain during its first year. Under-used connections are then pruned so that the patterns become hard-wired. If these are electromagnetically disrupted prior to pruning, a distorted pattern for social interaction may become hard-wired, and give irreversible autistic disorders. 

The body can defend itself against the effects of electromagnetic exposure by pumping surplus calcium out of cells, activating ornithine decarboxylase to protect nucleic acids and making heat-shock proteins to protect enzymes. However, these are expensive in resources and interfere with normal metabolism. Their long-term deployment is likely to result in fatigue and an impaired immune system leading to a lowered resistance to disease and cancer.  Sources of prolonged or continuous radiation include mobile phone masts, Wifi routers, DECT phone base stations and DECT baby alarms. 

Not everyone is equally affected by the radiation. This may be due to differences in blood calcium or magnesium, differences in the efficacy of their defence mechanisms, and previous exposure to electromagnetic fields, which has a sensitising effect. 

The effects of pulsed irradiation may also be transmitted chemically in the blood. It affects the ion balance on colloidal particles such as those in blood, giving them the ability to remove calcium ions from surfaces. This effect is routinely used in electronic water conditioners to remove lime scale. However, the treated water has biological effects similar to direct irradiation, presumably due to its removing calcium from cell membranes. This provides another mechanism by which the effects of mobile phone irradiation can be transmitted all over the body and also calls into question the safety of water from water towers fitted with mobile phone antennas.


 

At a scientific conference on 27th November 2007 entitled-"Are Present ICNIRP EMF Exposure Recommendations Adequate?", hosted by Roger Coghill and Robert  Verkerk, at the Royal Society, London, scientists endorsed the BioInitiative Report, extended the 2006 Benevento Resolution and resolved that:

 "We, the undersigned, do call on theUKHealth Protection  Agency (HPA), UK Government and all the health protection agencies and governments world-wide, to take note of the findings and recommendations in the Bioinitiative Report (2007) [1] and its predecessors the Benevento Resolution (2006) [2], the Catania Resolution (2002) [3] and the Salzburg Resolution (2000) [4] to immediately reduce the guidelines for exposure to radiofrequency radiation (RF) and extremely low-frequency electromagnetic1 fields (ELF-EMF) for the following reasons:

 

 • The overwhelming evidence of adverse non-thermal health effects at exposures many times below the current guide lines.

 • The near 100% penetration of the market in Europe, the USA and many other markets by mobile phones and increasing penetration elsewhere.

 • The vast proliferation of wireless networks and devices beyond those envisaged at the time the current guidelines were set.

 We call for the ICNIRP to reconvene as a matter of urgency to reassess the exposure guidelines and to develop and implement biologically based public safety limits reflecting the overall scientific evidence that existing ICNIRP guidelines are not sufficiently protective against health effects from chronic exposures to the rapidly increasing environmental-level ELF-EMF and RF. 

Failing that

  • We call for the setting up of an independent body to define new biologically based public exposure limits and/or preventative actions, for ELF-EMF and RF, that address reported biological effects, which, with prolonged exposure, can reasonably be presumed to result in adverse health consequences.
  • In the absence of such recommendations we suggest as an intermediate step that the HPA and UK Government immediately implement the ELF-EMF and RF recommendations of the BioInitiative Report 2007 and strive for the recommendations of the Public Health Department of the Government of Salzburg (2002) of 0.06 V/m for outdoor and 0.02 V/m for indoor RF exposure. Based on the precautionary principle, children and vulnerable groups (such as people with epilepsy and heart conditions) should not be exposed to a risk of harm, thus we propose that
  • Children under 16 should use mobile phones and cordless phones for emergency calls only.
  • No Wi-fi, WiMax or other forms of wireless networking are placed in homes, schools or public areas or promoted for use thereof.
  • That regular and frequent independent audits are undertaken of emissions to ensure that base stations ("masts") do not exceed the new biologically based guidelines at any locality either singly or by accumulation. Such audits should be widely publicised and made available for public scrutiny. The precautionary principle needs to be implemented." 

Signed:

Dr. Christopher Busby, Subcontractor, Policy Interpretation Network on Children's Health and Environment (PINCHE), Liverpool/Aberystwyth, UK

Mr. Roger Coghill,MA(Cantab) C Biol Mi BiolMA(Environ Mgt), Coghill Research Laboratories, Pontypool,Wales, UK

Dr. AndrewGoldsworthy, Honorary Lecturer, Imperial College, London, UK

Dr. Lennart Hardell, University Hospital, Orebro University,Orebro, Sweden

Prof. Olle Johansson, Experimental Dermatology Unit, Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Sweden, and The Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden

Dr. Gerd Oberfeld, Public Health Department, Salzburg Government, Salzburg, Austria

Mr. Alasdair Philips, B.Sc. (Eng), Director, Powerwatch, Sutton in the Isle, UK

Mr. Graham Philips, MBCS, Technical Manager, Powerwatch, Ely, UK

Ms Cindy Sage, Co-Editor, BioInitiative Report, Santa Barbara CA, USA

Dr. JohnWalker, Chartered Physicist, Sutton Coldfield, UK 

References

[1] BioInitiative Report, http://www.bioinitiative.org/report/docs/report.pdf

[2] Benevento Resolution, Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine, 25, 2006, pp. 197-200, http://www.icems.eu/docs/BeneventoResolution.pdf

[3] Catania Resolution, http://www.plattform-mobilfunk-initiativen.at/englisch/CATANIA eng.pdf

 

The London Resolution has now been published here and here

 

The Following Scientists and Individuals were speakers at the Conference held at the Royal Society from which the London Resolution has come.

 

Prof Olle Johansson

Prof Olle Johansson has published over 300 peer reviewed papers, many in the field of EMF bioeffects. He lectures frequently on this issue, and conducts experimental research on weak field effects on surface tissues. Sweden is the only country in the World that recognise EHS as a disability.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dr Lennart Hardell

Dr Lennart Hardell is professor in oncology and cancer epidemiology at the University Hospital in Orebro, Sweden. Most of his research has been on risk factors for cancer such as exposure to pesticides and persistent organic pollutants. During recent years he and his co-workers have studied use of cellular and cordless telephones and the risk for brain tumours. This research is independently funded unlike the Interphone studies.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Roger Coghill

 

Roger Coghill has for over twenty years directed an independent bioelectromagnetics laboratory in South Wales, specialising on the interactions between the physical energies of electricity and magnetism and organic life.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eileen OConnor

 

Eileen O'Connor, a breast cancer victim, campaigns extensively for regulatory recognition of the adverse effects of cellphone masts.

Read her story here (pdf).


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Dr Gerd Oberfeld

Dr. Gerd Oberfeld is responsible for environmental medicine and since 1994 has been adviser for environmental medicine of the Austrian Medical Association being responsible for the postgraduate course in Environmental Medicine. His Government warn that WiFi should not be used in schools. It also has the lowest exposure guidelines in the World.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Dr John Walker

 

Dr. John Walker is a Chartered Physicist who lives in Sutton Coldfield

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dr Christopher Busby, Subcontractor, Policy Interpretation Network on Children's Health and Environment (PINCHE) - The PINCHE-project is a Policy Interpretation Network on Children's Health and Environment that is funded by the European Union for three years. The PINCHE project is designed to provide decision makers, environmental health professionals, and other stakeholders with information relevant for policy development. This will help making decisions about issues in the area of children's health and environment.

Dr Robert Verkerk is from The Alliance for Natural Health (ANH) was founded in 2002 and is a UK-based, internationally-active, non-governmental organization, working to help positively shape the regulatory and scientific framework affecting natural health.


Cindy Sage is a first author of the Bioinitiative review of scientific literature on EMF bioeffects, a review which concluded that the ICNIRP guidelines are inadequate to protect public health.

 

We have just been told of the following excellent source of information compiled by Powerwatch. You can access it here

Powerwatch say: "When it comes to EMF issues, one of the most frequently heard phrases is "There is no evidence to support EMFs having health effects" or simply "There is no conclusive evidence".

We believe that this is completely wrong; there is an enormous body of evidence out there, but public and even academic awareness seems to be very poor. Therefore, we will be presenting a list of papers and ORs which either show serious effects or are considered important papers on the subject which we have collected over the years. This page will be regularly added to."

Congratulations to Powerwatch for producing such an excellent resource which will be of value to us all.

The Safe Wireless Initiative recently published a questionnaire (www.safewireless.org, 11.1.07 [see here ] ) of some 32 possible mental and physical conditions associated with electro-sensitivity.

Ten years ago, I was investigating this phenomenon and decided to work backwards. I looked at all of these signs/symptoms and traced them back to a common place of origin (Flow charts are enclosed [see below]).

One origin linking all of these ailments appears to be the hippocampus (which is also linked to the amygdalae and hypothalamus). Prof Rolf Dermietzel, Head of Neuroanatomy at the Ruhr University of Bochum, Germany, has published research ‘The Electrical Brain' (Scientific American Mind, 2 November 2006, p57)[i], showing a positive direct electrical current in our brains, which controls all other chemical currents. This current operates at the hippocampus.

By the laws of physics, any positive charge(s) moving within a moving magnetic/electric filed will experience a force (usually sideways - Fleming's left/right hand rules).

If this force is enough to disrupt the motion of this positive direct current, just a dozen protons thick, it could easily account for the knock-on effect of so many mental and physical complaints. Theoretically, this is possible but needs the experimentation from a neuroscientist in a laboratory.

The big question is: Why do some people (electrosensitives) complain of symptoms almost immediately, whilst others may take months or years?

I am leaving aside here the direct effect of electromagnetic radiation on all of the cells in the body, simultaneously changing cell potential, signal transduction, cell cycle timing, causing interference to the ATP double bond at the mitochondrial DNA sites, and I am concentrating on the brain, although eventually each will complement the other, in terms of symptoms.

It is known that electrical currents are generated within the brain by the action of electromagnetic waves causing atomic vibration(s) within calcite crystals.

Whilst all crystals follow the same atomic structure, they can vary enormously in size. Hence a current can also vary from different size crystals.

My hypothesis is that electrosensitivity sufferers share a common crystal size. This may also be genetic; it is known that mothers and daughters can share electrosensitvity.

An added complication to this scenario would be the feed-back loop of the hippocampus' granule cells - mossy fibres - inhibiting basket cells exceeding their critical charge, hence the hippocampus receives an abnormal charge and passes its working threshold.

N.B. I have read this research but cannot find the name of its author to reference him/her.

I have also enclosed a simple mathematics paper [see below] which I presented to mathematicians, showing how electromagnetic waves can interfere both, with generating opposing currents and inhibiting the ionic movement of protons, the normal status of our electrical functioning brains.

It will be apparent at one stage that constructive interference is required, but with many mobile companies all using the same airwaves, this does seem feasible.

Finally, I would also postulate that the ‘atomically heavy' pulses from these carrier microwaves cause resonance by the interference to the ‘wobbly' spin of the Carbon 13, Hydrogen and Phosphorus atoms. As each atom is ‘nudged' it will right itself, releasing the energy causing it to move involuntarily. This rhythmic process will exacerbate an already unbearable state of electrical confusion in the brain.

If this essay is correct, electro-sensitivity will be almost (if not) instant. Untreatable.

My flow chart links all of the 32 reported illnesses listed by the Safe Wireless Initiative to this mechanism.

18 November 2007 Barrie Trower